Education and Values: Interface on the Internet

Reconceptualizing Teaching and Learning in a Technocracy

Constructivism as a Theoretical Framework

These comments are framed within the context of Constructivist learning theory. They begin with the premise that all learning experiences are not created equal. Student-centered, active, authentic constructivist learning environments are the most pedagogically powerful means of fostering significant, memorable learning experiences.

Instructional Approaches

When educators contemplate the range of instructional approaches that might be appropriate for a specific learning situation, they must consider the time available, the tools on hand, the developmental and academic level of the students, and the nature of the concepts. It is a complex task to weigh these elements if an educator believes that the more constructivist they can make the learning environment, the greater the possibility that meaningful and memorable learning will take place. To the right is a listing of instructional approaches. While it is not truly taxonomic, this list tends represents a range from the teacher-centered and didactic, to the student-centered and inductive.

Instructional Approaches

1. Direct Instruction

2. Expository Teaching

3. Guided Exploration

4. Cooperative/Collaborative Learning

5. Inquiry or Problem-Based Learning

6. Pure Exploration and Discovery

The specific instructional approach that is selected will affect the quality of the interaction between the learner and the information, and this will affect the nature and depth of cognitive processing that will take place. On the next page is a discussion of Bloom's Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, and a taxonomy of technology integration is proposed that can help you think about the way that ICT can support the learning processes that are desired.


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Last Updated 1/23/02
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Questions: Mark Bailey - baileym@pacificu.edu